More than 40,3 million people live in modern slavery – this number reveals the shocking truth about a problem that has not been abolished in the 19th century. Modern Slavery has many different faces and the term Modern Slavery unifies six sub-categories: forced labor, debt bondage, human trafficking, descent-based slavery, and child slavery as well as forced and early marriage. Globally, 10 million children live in modern slavery, 4,8 million people are in forced sexual exploitation and 15,4 million people are in forced marriage.
Modern Slavery in global supply chains
A considerable percentage of human rights violations in the form of modern slavery take place in global supply chains. Because of the complexity of supply chains, it is rarely possible to trace back all components of a product, for example, cotton in a T-shirt to a specific cotton farm and to know if Modern Slavery is involved in the production process. But many consumer goods are made by people that work in slavery, the production of raw materials, such as cocoa, cotton, fishing or components of mobile phones are highly critical.
Transparency to ensure Modern-Slavery-free supply chains
Companies bear the responsibility to ensure that Modern Slavery does not occur in their supply chains – this includes their own factories, as well as all their suppliers and the suppliers and their suppliers. Transparency along the supply chains and overarching information are two crucial factors to eradicate all forms of Modern Slavery in supply chains.